Developed in conjunction with the University of Montana, this innovative aerosol spray formula won't freeze. It contains 2% capsaicin and related capsaicinoids, a red pepper derivative, which is non-toxic and non-lethal, but is a deterrent strong enough to stop a bear in its tracks. Designed for one-hand use, it will spray to up 32 ft. and will empty in approximately 7 seconds of continuous spray. Recipient of the IGBC Stewardship Award for Research and Development of Bear Pepper Spray, this spray is produced by the survivor of a grizzly bear encounter.